Details of Schemes by Govt for Employment Generation including Reforms in Labour laws

Government is also implementing schemes like Make-in-India, Digital India, Skill India, Swachch Bharat, Start-up India, Smart City projects etc.,towards creation of more employment opportunities for job seekers.


New Delhi, 18 July 2017: Government has taken various steps for generating employment in the country like encouraging private sector of economy, fast tracking various projects involving substantial investment and increasing public expenditure on schemes like Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) run by Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA), Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) scheme run by Ministry of Rural Development and National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) run by Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation.

As per the result of surveys on employment and unemployment conducted by Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment, the estimated unemployment rate for persons aged 15 years and above on usual status basis was 4% during 2012-13 and 3.7% during 2015-16 in the country including Chhattisgarh. The state-wise details are at Annexure-I.

National Sample Survey Office 

To ascertain employment and unemployment situation in the country, National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation conducts labour force surveys on employment and unemployment in the country. The last such survey by NSSO was conducted during 2011-12 and as per the survey results the unemployment rate on usual status basis was 2.2%. In addition, Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment conducts Employment-Unemployment Surveys annually and as per the survey results of 2015-16 the unemployment rate on usual status basis for persons aged 15 years and above was 3.7%.

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal VikasYojana (PMKVY) 

Employment generation is a key priority of the Government and it has focused on making employment opportunities accessible to unemployed persons. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal VikasYojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).In order to improve the employability of youth, around 20 Ministries run skill development schemes across 70 sectors. According to the data compiled by National Skill Development Agency (NSDA), MSDE, numbers of persons skilled across various sectors were 1.04 crore during 2015-16. Government announced a booster package of Rs. 6000 crores for the textile sector which is an employment intensive sector.

National Career Service (NCS) Project

Government has implemented the National Career Service (NCS) Project comprises a digital portal that provides a nation-wide online platform for jobseekers and employers for job matching in a dynamic, efficient and responsive manner and has a repository of career content.
According to the Working Paper on Employment, Education and the State, 2017 of the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), there are several factors at work for the low growth of overall employment and the slow pace of transfer of workers from the unorganized to the organized sector resulting in a whole range of policies which collectively adds up to an anti-employment bias. 

Shram Suvidha Portal

The Ministry has implemented the Shram Suvidha Portal that facilitates inspection of establishments in a scientific and transparent manner. It also provides for a common registration under Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) and Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) and facilitates submission of monthly Electronic-Cum-Challan (ECR). The Ministry has also rationalized the 56 register/ forms maintained under 9 Central labour laws to 5 register/ forms. In addition for 3 labour laws applicable to both States and Centre the forms have been reduced from 36 to 12. These reforms will facilitate compliance to labour laws.

A new Scheme Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY) has been initiated by the Ministry of Labour and Employment in the year 2016-17 for incentivising industry for promoting employment generation with the allocation of Rs.1000 crore. Under this scheme employers would be provided an incentive to enhance employment where the Government will pay the employer’s contribution of 8.33% EPS for new employees. In textiles (apparel and made-ups) sector, the Government will also pay the 3.67% EPF contribution of employers in addition to paying the 8.33% EPS contribution.

This information was given by the Minister of State For Labour  And Employment SHRI BANDARU DATTATREYA today in a written reply to a Lok Sabha question.