सरकारी नौकरियों में प्रमोशन में आरक्षण : संविधान पीठ ने सुनवाई पूरी की, फैसला सुरक्षित

सरकारी नौकरियों में प्रमोशन में आरक्षण : संविधान पीठ ने सुनवाई पूरी की, फैसला सुरक्षित 

सरकारी नौकरियों में प्रमोशन में आरक्षण मामले में सुप्रीम कोर्ट की संविधान पीठ ने सुनवाई पूरी कर फैसला सुरक्षित रखा है. मुख्य न्यायाधीश दीपक मिश्रा, जस्टिस कुरियन जोसेफ, जस्टिस रोहिंटन नरीमन, जस्टिस संजय किशन कौल और जस्टिस इंदु मल्होत्रा ​​की संविधान पीठ के समक्ष इस तरह के कोटा के खिलाफ 2006 के नागराज फैसले पर पुनर्विचार की मांग करने वाली याचिकाओं पर सुनवाई पूरी हो गई. 

supreme-court-reservation-in-promotion

संविधान पीठ को यह तय करना है कि 12 साल पुराने आदेश पर फिर से विचार करने की जरूरत है या नहीं. केंद्र और राज्य सरकारों ने जहां सरकारी नौकरी में प्रमोशन में आरक्षण की वकालत की है, वहीं याचिकाकर्ताओं ने इसका विरोध किया है. केंद्र ने कहा है कि संविधान में SC/ST को पिछड़ा ही माना गया है. 
गौरतलब है कि अक्टूबर 2006 में नागराज बनाम भारत संघ के मामले में पांच जजों की संविधान पीठ ने इस मुद्दे पर निष्कर्ष निकाला कि राज्य नौकरी में पदोन्नति के मामले में अनुसूचित जाति/अनुसूचित जनजाति के लिए आरक्षण करने के लिए बाध्य नहीं है. हालांकि अगर वे अपने विवेकाधिकार का प्रयोग करना चाहते हैं और इस तरह का प्रावधान करना चाहते हैं तो राज्य को वर्ग के पिछड़ेपन और सार्वजनिक रोजगार में उस वर्ग के प्रतिनिधित्व की अपर्याप्तता दिखाने वाला मात्रात्मक डेटा एकत्र करना होगा. 

Supreme Court reserves order on pleas to review verdict on quota benefits to SC/ST employees 

The Supreme Court on Thursday reserved its verdict on petitions seeking a seven-bench examination of its judgment in the M Nagaraj case which had put conditions for granting quota benefits for job promotions to SC/ST employees working in the public sector. 

A five-judge constitution bench, headed by Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, reserved the order on whether the 12-year-old verdict granting reservation to SC/ST employees working in the public sector required consideration by a larger bench or not. 
The 2006 verdict said that “the state is not bound to make reservation for SC/ST in matter of promotions. However, if they wish to exercise their discretion and make such provision, the state has to collect quantifiable data showing backwardness of the class and inadequacy of representation of that class in public employment in addition to compliance of Article 335.” 

The verdict also mandated the state to ensure that the reservation did not lead to excessiveness so as to breach the upper ceiling of 50 per cent or obliterate the creamy layer or extend the reservation indefinitely. 

The Centre and various state governments had sought reconsideration of this verdict on various grounds, including that the members of the SC/ST communities are presumed to be backward and considering their stigma of caste, they should be given reservation even in job promotions. 

Alleging that the Nagraj verdict had put unnecessary conditions in granting quota benefits to the SC/ST employees, the Centre sought its reconsideration by a larger bench.

Appearing for the Centre, Attorney General K K Venugopal said there was a presumption of backwardness in their favour. He said the SC/ST communities have been facing caste-based discrimination for long and the stigma of caste is attached to them despite the fact that some of them have come up. 

Senior advocate Rajeev Dhavan, appearing for one of the petitioners, had earlier contended that a lot of confusion has occurred due to conflicting judicial pronouncements given by different benches of the apex court and high courts. 

At the hearing on Wednesday, senior advocate Rakesh Dwivedi, who represented those opposing quota in promotions, had told the bench that earlier there was presumption of backwardness with regard to SC/ST communities. There should not be quota in promotions for higher services as the presumption of backwardness of SC and ST employees “vanishes” once they join government service, he had claimed. 

Dwivedi added that the quota in promotions for SC/ST may be continued for class-IV and class-III services, but should not be allowed for higher services. 
Earlier, the top court had questioned the logic behind granting quota in promotions in government jobs to the kith and kin of affluent persons among the SC and ST communities who have been holding high official positions. It had asked why the ‘creamy layer’ principle, used to exclude the affluent among other backward classes (OBCs) from enjoying the fruits of reservation, cannot be made applicable to deny quota benefits in promotion to those affluent among the SCs and STs. 

Read more: staffnews.in

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Param News: Central Government Employee News|Latest DOPT OM: सरकारी नौकरियों में प्रमोशन में आरक्षण : संविधान पीठ ने सुनवाई पूरी की, फैसला सुरक्षित
सरकारी नौकरियों में प्रमोशन में आरक्षण : संविधान पीठ ने सुनवाई पूरी की, फैसला सुरक्षित
सुप्रीम कोर्ट की संविधान पीठ को तय करना है कि 12 साल पुराने आदेश पर फिर से विचार करने की जरूरत है या नहीं, सरकारी नौकरी में प्रमोशन में आरक्षण की वकालत की है
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