Furnishing of Certificate for Tax Deducted (Section 203) | IT Circular 1/2019

Furnishing of Certificate for Tax Deducted (Section 203) | IT Circular 1/2019

4.6 Furnishing of Certificate for Tax Deducted (Section 203):

4.6.1 Section 203 requires the DDO to furnish to the employee a certificate in Form 16 detailing the amount of TDS and certain other particulars. Rule 31 prescribes that Form 16 should be furnished to the employee by 15th June after the end of the financial year in which the income was paid and tax deducted. Even the banks deducting tax at the time of payment of pension are required to issue such certificates. A copy of Form 16 is enclosed. The certificate in Form 16 shall specify:-
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  1. Valid permanent account number (PAN) of the deductee; 
  2. Valid tax deduction and collection account number (TAN) of the deductor; 
  3. (i) Book identification number or numbers (BIN) where deposit of tax deducted is without production of challan in case of an office of the Government; (ii) Challan identification number or numbers (CIN*) in case of payment through bank. 
(*Challan identification number (CIN) means the number comprising the Basic Statistical Returns (BSR) Code of the Bank branch where the tax has been deposited, the date on which the tax has been deposited and challan serial number given by the bank.)
(d) Receipt numbers of all the relevant quarterly statements of TDS (24Q). The receipt number of the quarterly statement is of 8 digit. 
Further as per Circular 04/2013 dated 17-04-2013 all deductors (including Government deductors who deposit TDS in the Central Government Account through book entry) shall issue the Part A of Form No. 16, by generating and subsequently downloading it through TRACES Portal and after duly authenticating and verifying it, in respect of all sums deducted on or after the 1st day of April, 2012 under the provisions of section 192 of Chapter XVII B. Part A of Form No 16 shall have a unique TDS certificate number. 'Part B (Annexure) of Form No. 16 shall be prepared by the deductor manually and issued to the deductee after due authentication and verification along with the Part A of the Form No. 16.

It may be noted that under the new TDS procedure, TAN of deductee/PAN of the deductee and receipt number of TDS statement filed by the deductor act as unique identifier for granting online credit of TDS to the decutee. Hence due care should be taken in filling these particulars. Due care should also be taken in indicating correct CIN/ BIN in TDS statement.

If the DDO fails to issue these certificates to the person concerned, as required by section 203, he will be liable to pay, by way of penalty, under section 272A(2)(g), a sum which shall be Rs.100/- for every day during which the failure continues.
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It is, however, clarified that there is no obligation to issue the TDS certificate in case tax at source is not deductible/deducted by virtue of claims of exemptions and deductions. 

[Note: TRACES is a web- based application of the Income-tax Department that provides an interface to all stakeholders associated with TDS administration. It enables viewing of challan status, downloading of NSDL Conso File, Justification Report and Form 16 / 16A as well as viewing of annual tax credit statements (Form 26AS). Each deductor is required to Register in the Traces portal. Form 16/16A issued to deductees should mandatorily be generated and downloaded from the TRACES portal].

Certain essential points regarding the filing of the Statement and obtaining TDS certificates are mentioned below:

(a) TDS certificate (Form16) would be generated for the deductee only if Valid PAN is correctly mentioned in the Annexure II of Form 24Q in Quarter 4 filed by the deductor. Moreover, employers are advised to ensure in Form 16 that the status of "matching" with respect to "Form 24G/OLTAS" is F"‘. If the status of matching other than, F‘, kindly take necessary action promptly to rectify the same. It is pertinent to mention here that certain facilities have been provided to the deductors at website www.tdscpc.gov.in/ including online correction of statements (Form 24Q).

(b) The employer should quote the gross amount of salary (including any amount exempt under section 10 and the deductions under chapter VI A) in column 321 (Amount paid/credited) of Annexure I of Form 24Q as per NSDL RPU (hereafter Return Preparation Utility).

(c) The employer should quote the amount of salary excluding any amount exempt under section 10 in column 333 (Total amount of salary) of Annexure II of Form 24Q as per NSDL RPU.

(d) TDS on Income (including loss from House Property) under any Head other than the head ̳Salaries‘ offered for TDS (shown in column 339) can be shown in column 350 (Reported amount of TDS by previous employer, as per NSDL RPU.

(e) Employer is advised to quote Total Taxable Income (Column 346) in Annexure II without rounding-off and TDS should be deducted and reported accordingly i.e. without rounding-off of TDS also.

Example: 

Total Taxable IncomeTotal Taxable Income (Rounded Off)TDS to be DeductedTDS Deducted/Reported after rounding-off of income Short Deduction
Rs. 1350094Rs. 1350090Rs. 235028.20Rs 235028Rs.1.20

4.6.2. If an assessee is employed by more than one employer during the year, each of the employers shall issue Part A of the certificate in Form No. 16 pertaining to the period for which such assessee was employed with each of the employers and Part B may be issued by each of the employers or the last employer at the option of the assessee.

4.6.3. Authentication by Digital Signatures:

(i) Where a certificate is to be furnished in Form No. 16, the deductor may, at his option, use digital signatures to authenticate such certificates.

(ii) In case of certificates issued under clause (i), the deductor shall ensure that 
  • (a) the conditions prescribed in para 4.6.1 above are complied with; 
  • (b) once the certificate is digitally signed, the contents of the certificates are not amenable to change; and 
  • (c) the certificates have a control number and a log of such certificates is maintained by the deductor. 
The digital signature is being used to authenticate most of the e-transactions on the internet as transmission of information using digital signature is failsafe. It saves time specially in organisations having large number of employees where issuance of certificate of deduction of tax with manual signature is time consuming (Circular no 2 of 2007 dated 21.05.2007)

4.6.4 Furnishing of particulars pertaining to perquisites, etc (Section 192(2C):

4.6.4.1 As per section 192(2C), the responsibility of providing correct and complete particulars of perquisites or profits in lieu of salary given to an employee is placed on the person responsible for paying such income i.e., the person responsible for deducting tax at source. The form and manner of such particulars are prescribed in Rule 26A, Form 12BA (Annexure II) and Form 16 of the Rules. Information relating to the nature and value of perquisites is to be provided by the employer in Form 12BA in case salary paid or payable is above Rs. 1,50,000/-. In other cases, the information would have to be provided by the employer in Form 16 itself. 

4.6.4.2 An employer, who has paid the tax on perquisites on behalf of the employee as per the provisions discussed in para 3.2 of this circular, shall furnish to the employee concerned, a certificate to the effect that tax has been paid to the Central Government and specify the amount so paid, the rate at which tax has been paid and certain other particulars in the amended Form 16. 

4.6.4.3 The obligation cast on the employer under Section 192(2C) for furnishing a statement showing the value of perquisites provided to the employee is a crucial responsibility of the employer, which is expected to be discharged in accordance with law and rules of valuation framed there under. Any false information, fabricated documentation or suppression of requisite information will entail consequences thereof provided under the law. The certificates in Forms 16 and/or Form 12BA specified above, shall be furnished to the employee by 31st May of the financial year immediately following the financial year in which the income was paid and tax deducted. If he fails to issue these certificates to the person concerned, as required by section 192(2C) he will be liable to pay, by way of penalty, under section 272A (2)(i), a sum which shall be Rs.100/- for every day during which the failure continues.

As per Section 139C of the Act, the Assessing Officer can require the taxpayer to produce Form 12BA along-with Form 16, as issued by the employer.

4.6.5 DDOs empowered to obtain evidence of proof or particulars of the prescribed claim (including claim for set-off of loss) under the section 192(2D):

DDOs have been authorized u/s 192 to allow certain deductions, exemptions or allowances or set-off of certain loss as per the provisions of the Act for the purpose of estimating the income of the ssessee or computing the amount of tax deductible under the said section. The evidence/proof/particulars for some of the deductions/exemptions/allowances/set-off of loss claimed by the employee such as rent receipt for claiming deduction in HRA, evidence of interest payments for claiming loss from self-occupied house property, etc is not available to the DDO. To bring certainity and uniformity in this matter, section 192(2D) provides that person responsible for paying (DDOs) shall obtain from the assessee evidence or proof or particular of claims such as House rent Allowance (where aggregate annual rent exceeds one lakh rupees); Leave Travel Concession or Assistance; Deduction of interest under the head ―Income from house property‖ and deduction under Chapter VI-A as per the prescribed form 12BB laid down by Rule 26C of the Rules. Form 12BB is enclosed as Annexure IIa.

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Furnishing of Certificate for Tax Deducted (Section 203) | IT Circular 1/2019
Section 203 requires the DDO to furnish to the employee a certificate in Form 16 detailing the amount of TDS, Certain essential points of the Statement, Digital Signatures
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